Title: leadership and management

Essay Details

Subject: Business
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Date: December 26, 2014
Level: University
Grade: A
Length: 3 / 602
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The manager has the authority to make decisions. ? Co-ordinating ? this is the bringing together of the activities of people within the business. ? Controlling ? managers measure and correct the activities of individuals and groups, to make sure that their performance fits in with plans. The management process Peter Drucker ? grouped the operations of management into five categories ? Setting objectives for the organisation ? Job measurement ? assessing whether the business has met its objectives ? Organising the work ? Motivating employees ? Developing people ? the management should bring out the best in people Four styles of management Autocratic ? orders come form the top, and no leeway is allowed Democratic ? less centralised, give space for initiative Laissez faire ? arises from over worked or lazy management, staff is left to their own devices Paternalistic ? decision making is still centralised but a noticeable attention and care for staff McGregor's Theory X & Y Douglas McGregor undertook a survey of managers in the USA and identified two styles of management, which he called Theory X and Theory Y...

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Theory X is about the views managers have on their workforce. Theory Y managers believe that employees do enjoy their work and they want to contribute ideas and effort. Theory Y manager is more likely to involve employees in decisions Why do leader adopt different styles? Fiedler ? argued that ?it is easier to change someone's role or power, or to modify the job he has to do, than to change his leadership style'...

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