The New England colonies were based on
religious freedom, thus their society was reflected the religion.
"These underwritten names are to be transported to Virginia, embarked in
the Merchant's Hope, Hugh Weston, Master, per examination by the minister
of Gravesend touching upon their conformity to the Church discipline of
England, and have taken oaths of allegiance and supremacy:" (Ship's List of
Emigrants Bound for Virginia)... Showed first 250 characters
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The use of the word "Master", shows, that
the southern colonies were more of a individualistic state rather than a
communal state(New England). This individualism was the effect of the
motivation of the southern colonies for economic opportunity.
"We whose names are underwritten, being by God's providnce engaged together
to make a plantation... Showed next 250 characters
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Early English colonies in America hardly resembled the union of men and women that would later fight against England and build a new country. In fact, until the mid-eighteenth century, most English colonists had very little, if anything to do with the settlers in neighboring colonies...
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The colonies of New England and Pennsylvania were motivated by religion, but Chesapeake Bay was an economically driven colony. The puritans that arrived in New England came to the New World in order to build a religious utopia...
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The Chesapeake and New England colonies while both situated on the East Coast, had very different geographical features. Virginia and the surrounding Chesapeake consisted of swampy lowlands and marshes as well as many rivers that would empty into the largest estuary in the United States, the Chesapeake Bay (Document G)...
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French & American War and the Revolution
Due to richness of the soil in the Chesapeake area, the colonists were able to excel agriculturally. Their main product became tobacco and they became experts at exporting this commodity back to England...
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During the 17th century, Europeans had unquestionably come to North America to stay, a fact that signaled major changes for the people of both hemispheres...
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"New England was different from the Chesapeake"- Chesapeake was an agricultural based society where tobacco was the main crop grown by mainly indentured servants and other small farmers, main cash crops included rice, indigo, and tobacco, unlike the Chesapeake the New England colonies had a short growing season and had towns instead of spread out plantations, also in New England religion shaped society so that you were not a member of society if you were not a member of the church, New England was a very puritanical and strict society, another difference is the environment the Chesapeake had a longer, warmer season and better soil, the Chesapeake was also much more reliant on trade, socially the colonies were very diverse as well the New England colonies based everything of their puritanical religions while the Chesapeake had social class distortion and depended on slavery and servitude
Slavery reshaped colonial society- because the human cargos paid off by the work the slaves put out produced more goods, which in turn boosted the international trading system, which sparked interest in the new colonies from England who ended up restricting and taking a percent of the profits
Racial composition was altered by 1700- by that time there were so many slaves in the Chesapeake colonies that the percent of blacks in a population was approximately 10-25% , and consisted of almost all of the colonies working force
Effects of Bacon's Rebellion- a turning point in colonial relations with Indians, also afterwards many landowners began to purchase large numbers of slaves, also brought about a treaty that opened most of the Indian Territory to English settlement
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When England colonized the world, they sent a numerous amounts of people over to the Americas to settle in two primary parts of America, New England and Chesapeake colonies...